Demonetization Essay - Demonetization in India

Demonetization Essay - Demonetization in India

Demonetization is a process where a money unit is no longer regarded as a legal tender, and it is replaced by a version that is newer.  Many governments across the world have taken this measure prevent counterfeiting of currency notes and to curb black-market.  

Demonetization Essay - Demonetization in India

While some countries were successful, others failed miserably in their goals behind demonetization.  Let us take a look at the demonetization scenarios in a variety of states before delving into the India case.

The United Kingdom in 1971:

This was once the system was adopted by the British, and the pound was divided into 100 pence.  This was completed after three years of spreading awareness and education campaign.  

African countries:

Ghana and Nigeria tried demonetization in 1984 and 1982 .  Whereas Nigeria wanted to fix the economy, ghana wanted to curb corruption and tax evasion.  Both were unsuccessful, and it led to a further weakening of the economy.  The authorities in 2015 replaced the Zimbabwe dollar .  Before this, Zimbabwe needed a currency denomination of one hundred trillion Zimbabwean dollars.


The military rule in Myanmar invalidated percent of their cash in value.  This caused terrible unease.  There have been protests, and it also caused the ruthless killing of around a thousand people.

Soviet Union:

Back in 1991 Mikhail Gorbachev led the choice to draw 100 and 50 ruble notes.  As a result, the market collapsed and resulted in the break-up of the USSR.


The government was the first to present plastic notes in 1992.  In 1996, Australia chose to replace all paper notes to repair the menace of counterfeiting.  Since polymer-based notes were in use for four years, the transition was smooth and did not have any impact on the economy.  


Pakistan, in 2016 chose to do away with a few of its own denominations and replace them.  Individuals were notified concerning the change prior to one and a half a year.  This gave them plenty of time to exchange old notes with fresh types, and there was not any chaos in the procedure.

Demonetization in India:

On November 8th, 2016 Prime Minister Narendra Modi, declared the denominations of RS 500 and Rs 1000 could be invalid and could not be utilized as a way of payment.  Both denominations were the largest of all, and from demonetizing them, around 86 percent of the money that is circulating became useless. 

Impacts of the bold measure:

It can be stated that chaos ensued as a consequence of the government's actions within our nation.  Before 2016 demonetization, India and digital payment procedures hadn't adopted, and 78 percent of those trades were in cash.Our ATMs needed lines.  Another problem was the measurements of their notes.  The depth of this currency notes diverse and the ATMs needed to become re-calibrated.  So 60% of the ATMs in the nation were usable.  Cash withdrawal limitations were imposed by the authorities also, to add to this distress.  Just 24000 rupees could be withdrawn by An individual per week by 2500 rupees and a financial institution in an ATM daily.  As the amount of currency notes was inadequate these limitations were enforced.  

This exposed the absence of preparation.  The withdrawal constraints were eased.   For the men and women that are tech-savvy, demonetization did not have a lot of effect.  However, it was the businessmen that were influenced the most and the bad.  Their employees could not be paid by business owners, and wage employees had lost their livelihood.  Waiting beyond ATMs and the banks was a herculean undertaking.  There are reports that individuals dropped while standing at the queues.  Individuals who'd proposed family functions demonetization, like unions and vacation excursions became an barrier that was unexpected.        

Was demonetization in India successful?

The solution could be yes and no.  RBI had announced that 99.30percent of the cash had returned.  Does this suggest that individuals found ways to convert black to white?  It's sometimes said that the cash was deposited under a individual's name.  What about?  It was not taken into consideration.But following demonetization, set and the income tax filing became greater.  This means more people became answerable and came to the system. 

We need to keep in mind that strategies like Digital India and Jan Dhan Yojna preceded demonetization.  These were intended for inclusion, and it did occur after demonetization.  Now trades are approved in each nook and corner of the nation.  An individual could discover stores such as' Paytm accepted here' in little villages with signboards.  Consequently, Indians were pushed by demonetization towards a world that is digital.  Digitalization makes the system much more transparent and business-friendly.  

We can conclude that the demonetization procedure can have negative and positive consequences dependent on the execution procedures.The truth is that citizens complied with all the procedure that is sudden is noteworthy.  In earlier times demonetization was a slow process or has been taken as a reactive step to war, hyperinflation, currency meltdown, etc..  Venezuela needed to shoot demonetization back following protests.  We needed for advancement and our wellbeing and could say that Indians believed the goals behind demonetization were great.  Currency and endorse corruption and economy hastens the value of rupee.  Let us pledge to embrace trades and be ready in the event of some other demonetization.                                              

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